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Fact sheet
  • 750,000 - 800,000 Palestinian men, women and children have been detained since 1967.
  • Children as young as 12 years can be prosecuted in the military courts.
  • Approximately 800-1,000 children detained each year.
  • Children are most commonly prosecuted for stone throwing.
  • Approximately half of all detained children are arrested at night and report physical and psychological abuse during arrest, transfer and interrogation.
  • Over 99% of cases in the military courts end in conviction.
  • Approximately 50% of Palestinian child detainees are held in prisons in Israel in breach of Article 76 of the Fourth Geneva Convention.
  1. Under Israeli military law army commanders have full executive, legislative  and judicial authority over 2.8 million Palestinians living in the West Bank. Palestinians have no say in how this authority is exercised.
  1. Dual Israeli legal systems operate in the West Bank. Palestinians are prosecuted in military courts, whereas Israelis settlers are prosecuted in civilian courts, with far greater rights and protections.
  1. Military courts used to prosecute civilians are permitted under international law but only on a temporary basis. Israeli military courts used to prosecute Palestinians from the West Bank have been operating since 1967.
  1. Israeli children, including those living in West Bank settlements, have far more rights and protections under civilian law than Palestinian children under military law.
  1. Since 1967, over 1,700 military orders have been issued but few have been promptly translated into Arabic, as is required under the Fourth Geneva Convention. In theory, these laws have no legal effect until translated.
  1. In 2013, UNICEF published a report which concluded that "the ill-treatment of children who come in contact with the military detention system appears to be widespread, systematic and instituionalized throughout the process".